Osteoporosis y Suplementación

Osteoporosis and Supplementation

Osteoporosis is a common condition that affects the bones. It is characterized by a decrease in bone density and the deterioration of the microarchitecture of bone tissue, making them weak and brittle, thus increasing the risk of fractures.

It is known as a silent disease because it usually progresses without
symptoms and until a fracture occurs. The most frequent are usually:
hips, vertebrae and wrists.

This condition affects men and women of all ethnic groups and can
occur at any age, however it is more common in postmenopausal women,
occurring more frequently in non-Hispanic white women and in women
Asian In Chile the prevalence has been estimated at around 22%.

Why does it occur?

Osteoporosis occurs when bone tissue does not renew itself as quickly as it does.
is lost, causing the loss of too much bone mineral mass.

Some factors increase the risk of developing the disease:

- Advanced age.
- Female sex.
- Menopause
- Family background
- Ethnicity
- Vitamin and mineral deficiencies.
- Smoking and alcohol consumption.
- Physical inactivity.
- Use of medications: corticosteroids.

Although there is a pharmacological treatment, nutrition plays a very important role
both in the prevention and management of osteoporosis.

Calcium and vitamin D are essential for maintaining bone health. It is recommended
adequate calcium intake, preferably through dietary sources such as
fermented dairy products, green leafy vegetables, fish. Likewise, the
Sun exposure is a natural way to get vitamin D, although, especially
In the case of vitamin D, it is common to find cases of deficiency in a high
percentage of the population, so a supplement can be of great importance.

In addition to calcium and vitamin D, vitamin K2, magnesium and zinc also
They play a crucial role in bone health. Vitamin K2 participates in
activation of bone proteins and may help improve mineral density
I mean. Magnesium and zinc are involved in the formation and mineralization of
bone, as well as in the regulation of bone cell function.

What role does vitamin K2 play?

Vitamin K2 has been shown to improve bone quality, resulting in
reducing the risk of fractures. Vitamin K2 supports the differentiation of
bone cells. It is effective in improving bone mineral density and can be
particularly useful in conjunction with other therapeutic measures such as the use of
vitamin D3, Calcium, among others.

And vitamin D3?

Vitamin D deficiency, even moderate, can promote bone loss and
accelerate the process of osteoporosis, increasing the risk of falls and fractures
in older adults. Along with vitamin D3, Calcium is also a very important mineral.
important since it helps strengthen bones, however, it is said that

Vitamin D deficiency is more serious in bone decalcification than lack
same as Calcium.

Magnesium is another crucial nutrient for bone health, as it helps regulate
levels of calcium and vitamin D in the body, as well as the production of hormones that
They are essential for the maintenance of bone mass.

Regular physical exercise, particularly strengthening activities
muscle and moderate impact exercises, can help maintain density
bone and muscle strength. It is recommended to avoid smoking and limit consumption
of alcohol to reduce the risk of osteoporosis and fractures.

In general, a holistic approach that combines proper nutrition, exercise
Regular and, in some cases, drug therapy can help prevent
osteoporosis and reduce the risk of associated complications, thus promoting a
better quality of life and general well-being.

If you have deficient levels of vitamin D3, Magnesium, K2, and Calcium the
Supplementation can be a good option to improve your base levels.


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Treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Front Public
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supplementation in elderly or postmenopausal women: a 2013 update of the 2008 recommendations from the European
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5. Sosa Henríquez, M, & Gómez de Tejada Romero, MJ. (2021). Calcium and vitamin D supplementation in the management of
osteoporosis. What is the advisable dose of vitamin D? Journal of Osteoporosis and Mineral Metabolism, 13(2), 77-83. Epub
August 16, 2021.https://dx.doi.org/10.4321/s1889-836x2021000200006
6. National Institute of Health. Calcium.
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